By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized basically because the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s military and army controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few a long time. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic system and cultures of the overdue moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, by surprise ceased to exist, besides writing platforms, know-how, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples on my own couldn't have brought on such frequent breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the factors of this “First darkish Ages,” Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of ways the top used to be caused via a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and rebel to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas alternate routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural global of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the overdue Bronze Age and indicates that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a dismal age that lasted centuries.
A compelling mix of narrative and the most recent scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new mild at the advanced ties that gave upward thrust to, and eventually destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the overdue Bronze Age—and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.
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In 1177 B. C. , marauding teams identified in basic terms because the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s military and military controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did lots of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized global of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish.
Additional resources for 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed
7 There are certainly a number of later Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasty Egyptian pharaohs who married foreign princesses, primarily to cement diplomatic bonds or a treaty with a foreign power, as we shall see below, but it is not necessary to invoke politically instigated marriages to explain the occurrence of 18 • • • Chapter One Minoan wall paintings in Egypt, since there is other independent evidence for contacts between the Eastern Mediterranean, Egypt, and, in this case, the Aegean. Flashback: Mesopotamia and the Minoans It is clear, from a multitude of data, including archaeological artifacts, and textual and pictorial evidence, that the Minoans of Crete had already been in contact with several areas in the ancient Near East long before their interactions with the New Kingdom Egyptian pharaohs.
Similarly, in the record for his thirteenth campaign, in Year 38 (1441 BC), we learn that the “Prince of Isy” brought inw consisting of copper and horses, and in the description of his fifteenth campaign, in Year 40 (1439 BC), we are told that the “Chief of Isy” brought inw consisting of forty bricks of copper, one brick of lead, and two tusks of ivory. 40 Egypt and Canaan at the Battle of Megiddo, 1479 BC Hatshepsut’s mummy may have finally been identified in recent years, located in a tomb known as KV 60 (for “Kings Valley, Tomb 60”), rather than in her own tomb (KV 20), which lies elsewhere in the Valley of the Kings.
Discovery and Overview of the Minoans From the foregoing, it is clear that the Minoans of Crete were in contact with several areas in the ancient Near East during the Middle and Late Bronze Ages, from at least 1800 BC on. 14 However, there seems to have been a special relationship with Egypt beginning in the fifteenth century, during the time of Hatshepsut and then Thutmose III, which is why our tale begins at this point in time. It is interesting to note that the Minoan civilization was given its name by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans in the early 1900s.
1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed by Eric H. Cline