Read e-book online A History of Mechanical Inventions PDF

By Abbott Payson Usher

ISBN-10: 048625593X

ISBN-13: 9780486255934

"The booklet is with out peer in its field." — American Scientist
In this thoroughly revised and enlarged variation of a vintage paintings within the heritage of know-how, a famous student explores the significance of technological innovation within the cultural and monetary background of the West.
Following an introductory dialogue of where of know-how in fiscal heritage, the writer bargains a penetrating ancient research of social swap. inside of this context he develops a concept of invention in keeping with Gestalt psychology and an idea of social evolution as non-stop improvement from antiquity to the current. Emphasis is put on the position of monetary forces within the improvement of know-how, with medical innovations additionally enjoying an immense function in bringing approximately change.
The latter a part of the publication makes a speciality of the construction and keep watch over of energy more often than not, and particularly on a few vital operative mechanisms. hence we learn thought-provoking bills of the know-how of cloth manufacture from primitive occasions, of water wheels and windmills, water clocks, and mechanical clocks, and the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci. the improvement of printing is thoroughly studied, not just for its intrinsic curiosity, yet as a result of its significance for the heritage of technological know-how. different issues comprise the construction and alertness of energy (1500–1830), desktop instruments and volume creation, the creation and distribution of strength seeing that 1832, and the function of Asia Minor as a resource of ideas which ruled the center a while and the fashionable interval as well.
Thoroughly researched and cogently reasoned, A historical past of Mechanical Inventions belongs within the library of somebody drawn to the historical past of technology and invention, in addition to the connection of expertise to financial and social history.
"Throughout the ebook there's consistent facts of the author's broad studying and sundry highbrow interests." — The manhattan Times

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Extra resources for A History of Mechanical Inventions

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For the present it is desirable to describe in more detail the form and character of the discontinuities that persist. A comprehensive classification of the kinds of material to be analyzed would be confusing. It should be enough for the present purpose to describe the primary classes. The historian is concerned with thought and action at three distinct levels: abstract ideas and concepts; patterns of behavior expressed as habits or policies; explicit action. The elements of social change appear first as new ideas and concepts.

No issue could demonstrate more precisely the meaning of the pluralistic approach to historical analysis. The concept of ideal culture types presumes that the interrelations among different fields of activity must of necessity correspond to the needs of internal consistency of the ideas involved implicitly or explicitly in the behavior patterns. Empirical analysis of the events themselves shows that we cannot assume consistency of relations. The religious beliefs of the Hindus have certainly obstructed the economic development of the Hindu community over a long period in the past.

3. Primary classes of systems of events: 1–4, concepts and practices associated with various systems of polytheism; 5, 6 archaic features of the Roman civil law; 7–9, basic concepts of praetorian law; 10, 11, basic concepts of the Euclidean geometry; 12, 13, primary features of the geocentric concept of the universe; 14–16, concepts and practices in various monotheistic religions; 17, heliocentric concept of the planetary system; 18, atomistic concepts in science; 19, the invention and diffusion of water wheels.

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A History of Mechanical Inventions by Abbott Payson Usher

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