By A. D. F. (Alfred Dwight Foster) Hamlin
Variety of pages: 323The goal of this paintings has been to comic strip some of the sessions and varieties of structure with the broadest attainable strokes, and to say, with such short characterization as appeared permissible or helpful, an important works of every interval or variety. severe condensation in offering the best proof of architectural historical past has been useful, and lots more and plenty that might rightly declare position in a bigger paintings has been passed over the following.
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Additional info for A Text-book of the History of Architecture
The just relation of scale between the building and all its parts was admirably maintained; the ornament was distributed with rare judgment, and the vigor of its design saved it from all appearance of triviality. The sensitive taste of the Greeks led them into other refinements than those of mere mechanical perfection. In the Parthenon especially, but also in lesser degree in other temples, the seemingly straight lines of the building were all slightly curved, and the vertical faces inclined. This was done to correct the monotony and stiffness of absolutely straight lines and right angles, and certain optical illusions which their acute observation had detected.
3. C. In 538 the empire fell before the Persians. GENERAL CHARACTER OF MONUMENTS. Recent excavations at Nippur (Niffer), the sacred city of Chaldæa, have uncovered ruins older than the Pyramids. Though of slight importance architecturally, they reveal the early knowledge of the arch and the possession of an advanced culture. The poverty of the building materials of this region afforded only the most limited resources for architectural effect. Owing to the flatness of the country and the impracticability of building lofty structures with sundried bricks, elevation above the plain could be secured only by erecting buildings of moderate height upon enormous mounds or terraces, built of crude brick and faced with hard brick or stone.
The motive in this case was the desire to include in one design several existing and venerated shrines to Attic deities and heroes—Athena Polias, Poseidon, Pandrosus, Erechtheus, Boutes, etc. , it remains in its ruin still one of the most interesting and attractive of ancient buildings. 11 A smaller monument of the Ionic order, the amphiprostyle temple to Nike Apteros—the Wingless Victory—stands on a projecting spur of the Acropolis to the southwest. It measures only 27 feet by 18 feet in plan; the cella is nearly square; the columns are sturdier than those of the Erechtheum, and the execution of the monument is admirable.
A Text-book of the History of Architecture by A. D. F. (Alfred Dwight Foster) Hamlin