Addiction and self-control : perspectives from philosophy, by Neil Levy PDF

By Neil Levy

ISBN-10: 0199369631

ISBN-13: 9780199369638

ISBN-10: 0199862591

ISBN-13: 9780199862597

Habit turns out to contain an important measure of lack of regulate over behaviour, but it continues to be mysterious how this type of lack of keep an eye on happens and the way it may be suitable with the retention of company. This assortment, which arose out of a convention held on the collage of Oxford, brings jointly philosophers, neuroscientists and psychologists with the purpose of realizing this lack of keep an eye on from a perspective Read more...

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This publication brings innovative neuroscience and psychology into discussion with philosophical mirrored image to light up the lack of keep an eye on skilled by means of addicts, and thereby forged mild on ordinary Read more...

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Neil Levy's Addiction and self-control : perspectives from philosophy, PDF

Dependancy turns out to contain an important measure of lack of keep an eye on over behaviour, but it is still mysterious how this type of lack of keep watch over happens and the way it may be appropriate with the retention of service provider. This assortment, which arose out of a convention held on the collage of Oxford, brings jointly philosophers, neuroscientists and psychologists with the purpose of figuring out this lack of keep watch over from a point of view trained via state-of-the-art technology and philosophical mirrored image.

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2003). Money as MacGuffin 21 I have developed this model of will elsewhere (Ainslie, 2001, 2005, 2011, 2012). Its importance for the present discussion is that efficient intertemporal bargaining entails making choices in predictable ways, that is, not surprising yourself when you can avoid it. Ironically, the mechanism that rewards this regularity is also the one that arguably makes the will free. SELF-CONTROL IS ONLY HALF OF RATIONALITY The phenomenon of hyperbolic discounting might seem to imply that rationality consists of foreseeing your temporary preferences and forestalling them either by judicious use of Ulysses-like commitments or by making resolutions that can function as self-enforcing contracts—willpower.

In this context, the gambling environment has special characteristics. Precisely because outcomes are set up so as to be systematically unpredictable, the system never exhausts opportunities for learning, and its expectations are subject to continuous nonstabilizing readjustment through dopamine spikes, in response to cues the gambler generates for herself by rolling dice or putting coins in slots. It may be objected here that in games of pure chance the learning opportunity is an illusion: there is only one simple pattern relating cues to outcomes, namely, the limiting relative frequency of wins and losses.

The determinant of when gambling will become addictive may lie less in its payoffs and costs than in what satisfaction the person sees as alternative to it. 34 ADDICTION AND SELF-CONTROL The sequences of intense craving and glorious satisfaction that gambling entails seem to appeal especially to people who feel beset by their failure to solve problems in their ordinary lives, and who therefore need gambling’s intensity to keep their attention from being drawn back to this failure. When problem gamblers are interviewed in depth about their motives, they acknowledge some form of mood manipulation just as substance addicts do—blocking out their problems, “buzz,” filling a void—in the service of escaping life problems (Wood & Griffiths, 2007), which, of course, come to form part of their appetites for gambling.

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Addiction and self-control : perspectives from philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience by Neil Levy


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