By Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen
Over the process a occupation spanning greater than fifty years, Finnish architect and clothier Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) designed approximately 100 single-family homes. Aalto, who's additionally identified for his furnishings and glassware, labored in a special sort that mixed modernism and conventional vernacular structure. Authors Jari and Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen (Finnish summer time homes) current twenty-six of Aalto's leading edge residences—from small summer season houses and postwar standardized housing to giant housing complexes for commercial commissions—built among the Twenties to the Sixties.
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Extra info for Alvar Aalto Houses
Thus the proportions and dimensions of the spaces were altered, and room sizes dramatically reduced. 9 Financial problems in Estonia and restrictions for payments abroad also caused delays in the payment of the architect’s salary. Villa Tammekann’s functionalistic appearance incorporates typical features of early international modernism: with its flat roof, simple cubic volume, white stucco walls, horizontal windows, terraces, and balconies, it is reminiscent of Aalto’s design for the chief physician’s house at the Paimio Sanatorium.
Despite the importance of the lake facade visitors arrive at the house from a different angle. The driveway passes a small garden pavilion, reminiscent of a classical temple, and approaches the main entrance and its imposing Empire colonnade from the side. Turns and shifts interested Aalto from the start of his career, and many of his later houses would repeat this theme. They are a part of the ritual of arriving, moving through and experiencing a sequence of spaces. The storage wings play an important role in defining the front courtyard, which is further demarcated by the natural topography of the site and a hedge planted where the land slopes toward the lake.
The composition of the lime-washed, lightly rendered brick walls and dark-stained vertical wood boarding dominates the view. Whereas the Villa Tammekann still followed the straightforward aesthetic ideals of late-1920s opposite View of the house from the south 60 and early-1930s international modernism, the Aalto House has a more sensitive and intimate approach. Though it has often been compared with Walter Gropius’s Masters’ Houses at the Bauhaus (Dessau, 1925–26)—both in its plan and its external appearance—the harmonious relation it forms with the surroundings and its atmosphere of domesticity give it a warmer and more humane character.
Alvar Aalto Houses by Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen