Antisthenes of Athens (c. 445-365 BCE) was once a well-known historical disciple of Socrates, senior to Plato through fifteen years and inspirational to Xenophon. he's suitable to 2 of the best turning issues in historical highbrow background, from pre-Socraticism to Socraticism, and from classical Athens to the Hellenistic interval. a greater realizing of Antisthenes ends up in a greater realizing of the highbrow tradition of Athens that formed Plato and laid the principles for Hellenistic philosophy and literature besides. Antisthenes wrote prolifically, yet little of this article continues to be this present day. Susan Prince has accrued the entire surviving passages that pertain so much heavily to Antisthenes’ historical popularity and literary construction, interprets them into English for the 1st time, and units out the parameters for his or her interpretation, with shut consciousness to the function Antisthenes most likely performed within the literary schedule of every historic writer who pointed out him.
This is the 1st translation of Antisthenes’ continues to be into English. Chapters current the traditional resource, the unique Greek passage, and precious serious gear. the writer then provides the fashionable English translation and notes at the context of the upkeep, the importance of the testimonium, and at the Greek. a number of new readings are proposed.
Antisthenes of Athens may be of curiosity to an individual looking to comprehend Antisthenes and his highbrow context, in addition to his contributions to historic literary feedback, perspectives on discourse, and ethics.
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Extra resources for Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary
1A): Thracians spoke Greek and shared more ethnic continuity with the Athenians than a “barbarian” would; Athenians had commercial interests in Thrace, and some Thracian Greeks probably had Athenian heritage. Seneca, like Plutarch in t. 2B, seems to draw the two mothers of the anecdote toward symmetry. This could be a natural evolution in the generations of the story, or it could reflect Seneca’s special ignorance of ethnic issues in fourth-century Athens. Seneca’s version is the oldest that survives, and hence it has also been proposed that this version is closest to the original.
1–2 (= t. 3–7 (= t. 7–10 (= t. 10–13 (= t. 14–15 (= t. 15–18 (= t. 41A–B); a death anecdote (= t. 19 (= t. 38A). 4:195–96. Importance of the Testimonia The military anecdote (3B) is the best information available for setting the birth date of Antisthenes. He must have been at least eighteen years old in 424 BCE and hence must have been born in or before 442 BCE. 4:199–201; Döring 1998:269. On the anecdotal setting of the information about Antisthenes’ parentage, see t. 1. Notes ἐν Τανάγρᾳ (B): This might be a reference to the battle at Delium of 424 BCE, not the battle at Tanagra of 426 (von der Mühll 1966).
For references to Gorgias, see t. 67, 123, 203; notes on t. ) If the story is an invention, this preceded the career of Hermippus (a Peripatetic of the mid-third century BCE), the source for the single surviving anecdote from Antisthenes’ “rhetorical” career (t. 9). οἰκῶν τ’ ἐν Πειραιεῖ: The Piraeus, port of Athens, was the home of many merchants and metics: for example, the metic Cephalus, father of Lysias, 45 46 Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary whose house provides the setting for Plato’s Republic, ran a profitable armaments factory and lived there.
Antisthenes of Athens: Texts, Translations, and Commentary by Antisthenes