By Mario Carpo
The self-discipline of structure will depend on the transmission in house and time of gathered stories, recommendations, principles, and types. From the discovery of the alphabet to the advance of ASCII code for digital verbal exchange, the method of recording and transmitting this physique of data has mirrored the dominant details applied sciences of every interval. during this booklet Mario Carpo discusses the communications media utilized by Western architects, from classical antiquity to trendy classicism, displaying how each one medium relating to particular kinds of architectural pondering. Carpo highlights the importance of the discovery of movable sort and automatically reproduced photos. He argues that Renaissance architectural conception, really the approach of the 5 architectural orders, was once consciously built in keeping with the codecs and capability of the recent revealed media. Carpo contrasts structure within the age of printing with what preceded it: Vitruvian thought and the manuscript layout, oral transmission within the center a while, and the fifteenth-century transition from script to print. He additionally means that the fundamental ideas of "typographic" structure thrived within the Western international so long as print remained our major details expertise. The shift from published to electronic representations, he issues out, will back modify the process structure.
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Extra resources for Architecture in the Age of Printing: Orality, Writing, Typography, and Printed Images in the History of Architectural Theory
During the Middle Ages, guild oversight of building projects conditioned, and to some extent determined, the means of communicating construction techniques. The secret of the maîtres-maçons is not simply a romantic myth or fantastic invention. 14 A purely geometric scheme, the rule of Roriczer deﬁnes the relationship between the plan and elevation of a Gothic pinnacle. The pinnacle is divided into a certain number of superimposed cubes, and at every level the surface area of one cube is deﬁned as a constant fraction of the one below it.
24 In any case, his ﬁgures de l’art de jométrie 25 are certainly related to construction techniques—layouts, plans, measurements, vaulting, and stone cutting—procedures that occur on the building site but that are not easily legible in buildings. Masonic rules of this kind were often well-kept secrets, and we can wonder whether they were indeed revealed by Villard’s sketchbook, in what way, to what extent, and why. 3 | Geometric constructions, ink on vellum, from Villard de Honnecourt, Ms. fr. 19093, folio 20.
A geometric construction is something that can be told, a sequence, a narrative of sorts, that one can recite out loud over a certain period of time—the real time that it takes to carry out the operation (“Draw a straight line AB. Then, setting a compass point on A, trace the arc of a circle . ”). With the aid, if necessary, of a geometric scheme or diagram, a sequential operation of this type is not difﬁcult to memorize. It is easier to tell a story than to learn a table of logarithms by heart—a factor that may help to explain the centuries-long primacy of geometry, and the concomitant absence of arithmetic, in oral cultures.
Architecture in the Age of Printing: Orality, Writing, Typography, and Printed Images in the History of Architectural Theory by Mario Carpo