By Keith Krause
This ebook analyzes the underlying constitution and dynamic forces that experience formed the overseas exchange in fingers from the advance of army applied sciences within the 15th and 16th centuries to the twentieth-century revolutions in weaponry. the writer discusses the political, financial and armed forces motivations that force states to provide and export palms, and examines the several ways that states reply to those motivations. by way of targeting the techniques of technological innovation and diffusion he's in a position to comic strip an evolutionary photo of the diffusion of recent army expertise, and position the present palms exchange in old viewpoint.
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Additional info for Arms and the State: Patterns of Military Production and Trade
This presentation points towards the discussion to come and presents the central theses of the book, by outlining thematically the structural features and evolutionary dynamic (phases) of an 'ideal type' arms transfer and production system. Although it would be preferable to present the two separately, the cyclical or wave-like nature of the evolutionary process makes an integrated sketch more appropriate (I use 'wave' in preference to 'cycle' because strictly speaking the end of one cycle must contain within it the seeds of the next one, which is not necessarily the case with waves that can be exogenously induced by technological innovation).
Victory in war, arms production and arms transfers In Leon Trotsky's provocative words, 'war is the locomotive of history'. War is the proving ground of military technology, and the pursuit of victory in war provides a stimulus to arms transfers, arms 16 MOTIVE FORCES IN THE PRODUCTION OF ARMS production and military innovation. 10 The most immediate direct consequence of war is increased demand for arms (either imported or indigenously produced), but this potentially ephemeral demand does not necessarily affect the structure of the arms transfer system.
The result was, however, that 'only rich states were capable of bearing the enormous cost of the new warfare. '12 The third change was the qualitative increase in trade that permitted a wide exchange of goods across the continent and around the globe. This growth of a market economy stimulated arms production, as some centres were able to generate the surplus production without which no large-scale arms trade could have emerged. 13 Within this ferment, technological changes were revolutionising the business not only of making war, but of ruling states, in part by the harnessing of science to warfare.
Arms and the State: Patterns of Military Production and Trade by Keith Krause