By Jan Tolleneer, Sigrid Sterckx, Pieter Bonte
The ebook offers an in-depth dialogue at the human nature suggestion from assorted views and from diversified disciplines, studying its use within the doping debate and discovering its normative overtones. The relation among traditional expertise and stronger skills is scrutinized inside a formal conceptual and theoretical framework: is doping to be obvious as an element of the athlete’s dehumanization or is it a device to satisfy his/her aspirations to head swifter, better and better? Which features make activities this type of atypical topic of moral dialogue and what are the, either intrinsic and extrinsic, ethical hazards and possibilities fascinated with athletic enhancement? This quantity combines basic philosophical anthropological mirrored image with utilized ethics and socio-cultural and empirical methods. in addition guidance could be offered to selection- and policy-makers on neighborhood, nationwide and foreign degrees. Zooming in at the intrinsic factor of what's worthy approximately our homo sapiens organic , this quantity devotes in simple terms scant awareness to the explicit factor of common expertise and why such expertise is liked so otherwise than biotechnological origins of skill. moreover, particular points of activities corresponding to its aggressive nature and its direct reveal of physically prowess offer sturdy cause to unmarried out the difficulty of average athletic expertise for sustained moral scrutiny.
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Extra resources for AthleticEnhancement, Human Nature and Ethics: Threats and Opportunities of Doping Technologies
Kayser and Broers criticize various aspects of WADA’s current anti-doping policy: the troublesome official definition of doping, its overly broad scope, the excessive severity of the ‘whereabouts’ and urine control surveillance regime, the dubious methodology of the ‘biological passport’ system, disproportionate punitive measures, the inability to realize significant behavioral change among athletes and their entourages – the list goes on. Their final verdict is damning. ” As an alternative, Kayser and Broers propose a utilitarian, permissive harm reduction policy.
The adherence to ‘constitutive rules’ and the acceptance of a ‘lusory attitude’ is often referred to in the literature using the double concept of formal fair play and informal fair play. Both the enforcement of and the adherence to equal starting opportunities is not accidental but rather something upon which the foundations of sport are built. If sport is defined as the ranking of ‘inequality’ of performances, this can only happen if the ‘equality’ of participants at the outset is guaranteed.
Who or what is under discussion, what is at stake when this athlete decides (not) to use doping? This question lies at the basis of the five levels of our model, which was inspired by the relation-axes approach (Fig. 1) as used in comparative pedagogy (Wielemans and Chan 1992: 20) and comparative physical education (Tolleneer 2011). First, the athlete maintains a relationship with himself and has a responsibility for himself. Here, the ethical arguments for and against the permissibility of doping refer therefore to the self.
AthleticEnhancement, Human Nature and Ethics: Threats and Opportunities of Doping Technologies by Jan Tolleneer, Sigrid Sterckx, Pieter Bonte